International Journal of Soil Science and Agronomy

International Journal of Soil Science and Agronomy ISSN: 1725-3497 Vol. 3 (3), pp. 096-102, December, 2016. © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full Length Research papers

Effects of Beressa river water quality on chemical properties of soils in North Shewa Zone

*Marcus T. Bekele, Zenawi Hailemariam and Ashenafi

Department of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, Haramaya

University, P.O. Box: 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author. Email: marcus.beke@yahoo.com

Accepted 05 November, 2016

Abstract

Beressa is a major perennial river in the North Shewa Zone of Amhara regional state and it takes the north-west ward to join the Jema River, which form the tributary of the Blue Nile around a place known as Sundo Meskel near the lower side of Abay Bereha. On its natural flow way, the River provides different uses that can be determined in terms of environmental, economical and social values. However, the River is facing an interruption on its potential service especially for irrigation due to its quality deterioration by the discharge of untreated wastes from different sectors in the town of Debre Berhan. Thus, this study was conducted to reveal the impact the river water quality on the chemical properties of the irrigated soils along the river bank. On the bases of their position and extent of water pollution, three different farms were identified and representative soil samples were collected from each for laboratory analysis. All the soils were clay loam in texture with the lowest amounts of pH (6.10), electrical conductivity (EC) (0.10 dS cm-1), organic matter (OM) (3.46%), total N (0.22%), C:N (9.12), available P (30.35 mg kg-1), cation exchange capacity (CEC) (23.75 cmol(+) kg-1), Na (0.11 cmol(+) kg-1), K (0.73 cmol(+) kg-1), Ca (8.25 cmol(+) kg-1), Mg (4.32 cmol(+) kg-1), Cu (1.19 mg kg-1), Zn (2.18 mg kg-1), Cr (1.15 mg kg-1) and Pb (1.11 mg kg-1) at farm 2 (never been irrigated from the River water), and had no detected Cd, Ni, As and Hg. Therefore, in addition to the difference in agronomic management practices, the River water had a direct connection with almost all presences of the concerned chemicals specifically in the soils of irrigated farms. Eventually, conducting pollution remediation studies is as such important in curing the current illness in the Beressa River water and in some instances in the soils under irrigation.

Key words: Water quality, heavy metals, micronutrients, soil chemical compositions.

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