International Journal of Soil Science and Agronomy

International Journal of Soil Science and Agronomy ISSN: 1725-3497 Vol. 4 (6), pp. 149-157, October, 2017. © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full Length Research papers

Capacity of oxisols to sorb P and the EPR of crops subjected to crop rotation in Malawi

*Mlangazuwa Chihana, Orton Mabedi and Khumbo Thadzi

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), Malawi.

*Corresponding Authors. Email: dr.chihana12@yahoo.com

Accepted 18 September, 2017

Abstract

Oxisols are one of the major soils of Malawi and they are high in P sorption. Conservation agriculture has been practiced on this soil for some years now but soil management effects on P sorption and external P requirement (EPR) of Oxisols in Malawi have not, however, been determined. Soil management effects on P sorption and EPR of Oxisols in Malawi were therefore determined in the present study. The effects studied were conventional tillage (CT), no-tillage (NT) and crop rotation (CR). The soils differed considerably in their sorption characteristics, with the sorption maxima ranging from 413 to 345 mg P kg-1. Differences in sorption maxima and affinity due to soil management effects were statistically significantly (P ≤ 0.05). The sorption affinity (b) values ranged from 0.48 to 0.72 dm3 mg-1 and differences due to soil management effects were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05) only between conventional tillage (CT) and no tillage (NT) or crop rotation (CR). The sorption affinity due to NT was not statistically significant from that of CR. The b values were the highest in soils that had been subjected to CT.

Key words: Oxisols, soil management effects, sorption affinity, sorption maxima, external P requirement.

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