International Journal of Agriculture and Food Security (IJAFS) ISSN: 0812-3497, Vol. 7(3), pp. 204-214, August, 2021. © Advanced Scholars Journals
Review on Trial of women households on Climate Change Adaptation Strategies and It’s Impacts on Rural Women Food Security in Ethiopia
1Department of Healt Science, University of Toamasina, Higher Regional Institute of Technology of the East Coas
2Full Professors, University of Antananarivo, Higher School of Agrnomic Sciences.
Corresponding author’s E-mail: SamuelZafitody@gmail.com
Accepted 3rd August, 202
Climate change and variability leadto the great change in agricultural production of smallholder farmers indeveloping countries. In Ethiopia, almost all farmers are depending on rainfall for their livelihood including women farmers. Even if farmers relied on rainfall, climate change, especially drought highly affects the production and productivity of farmers in the overall country. The main objective of this review is to review climate change adaptation strategies and its impacts on rural women's food security in Ethiopia. For this review, secondary data was collected from published and unpublished documents related to this topic and structured. From the reviewed published and unpublished documents, this review is intended to review smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to climate change and determinants of women farmers to select adaptation strategies in Ethiopia. This review revealed that crop diversification, mixed farming (crop production and livestock rearing), off farm activities, enset production, soil and water conservation, use of improved seeds, irrigation, and permanent and temporary migrations are the adaptation strategies to climate change practiced by women households in Ethiopia. On the other hand, major determinates of climate change adaptation strategies by women households are, women’s education level, sex, age, livestock ownership, family size, farming experience, frequency of extension service, access to market, large farm size, the income of the farmers and access to climate information. Further, climate change adaptation strategies have a positive impact on women's household food security. Therefore the government has to focus on the determinants of adaptation strategies identified above and empowering women households to swift their contribution.
Key Words:Climate change, Adaptation strategies, Ethiopia
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